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Environnement - Mondialisation

Remerciements à Mme Annie SASCO, Médecin et épidémiologiste du cancer depuis plus de 25 ans, elle a travaillé pendant 22 ans au Centre International de Recherche sur le Cancer. Elle est actuellement à l’Université Victor Segalen de Bordeaux où elle dirige une équipe Inserm d’Epidémiologie pour la Prévention du Cancer. Membre fondatrice d’un café de commerce équitable il y a plusieurs annés, elle se définit comme féministe et citoyenne du monde, le mélange de mai 68 et de Harvard.

Je la remercie pour son immense et remarquable travail accomplit chaque jour et pour m'avoir mis à disposition plusieurs de ses articles dont voici quelques extraits...

Ou comment on apprend simplement la nécessité d'informer la population sur le désastre et l'explosion du cancer que nous ne pourrons pas arrêter sans une mobilisation du public et le scandale de nos exportations de toxiques, produits carcinogènes avérés et médicaments périmés vers les populations moins favorisées...

Comment en 2011 pouvons-nous encore tolérer que les produits réputés toxiques chez nous soient distribués sur les continents Africains notamment en leur disant "cela va vous soigner, c'est bon pour vous..." Chacun de nous peut agir et a sa part de responsabilité...C. Noel


...Si rien ou trop peu est fait dans la lutte contre les cancerogenes et
en particulier contre le transfert de ces produits du Nord vers le Sud,
nous devons nous attendre a` une reelle mondialisation du cancer.

Non seulement les cancers traditionnels du Sud subsisteront, mais
les cancers de la « civilisation » se rajouteront au fardeau des maladies
deja` existantes pour aboutir d’ici une cinquantaine d’années a une relative uniformisation des taux de cancer, au Nord comme au Sud.

Ce n’est pas le monde que je souhaite a` mes enfants.Annie Sasco

....A potential explanation could be the fact that cigarettes sold in the Maghreb have tar yields far above the ones authorized for sale in Eurrope. Similarly, pesticides banned in Europe are sold and used without any precaution in African countries. Asbestos is now being worked on in Africa. Dangerous chemicals are produced in India and the list is endless.

If nothing is being done to stop the exportation of the worst products of ‘‘civilization’’ to the countries who do not have the finances allowing them to refuse these toxic trades in 20 years time these continents will experience the cancer burden we now have in the West and they cannot afford it. They have no means for the diagnosis or treatment of cancer. The death toll will be huge.

It is difficult to change the world and one way, which I propose,is a daunting task. We must change the rules of international trade. One organization is playing an immense role, although it is never mentioned in the health field, in the exchange between countries and therefore in health matters:

the World Trade Organization (WTO). Scientists and doctors do not realize the magnitude of the potential negative impact of WTO on the health of world populations. WTO through trade agreements can facilitate the introduction of products,including the most noxious ones, in any country and in particular in the most deprived societies. Its motivation is limited to economic profit and it does not deal with populations, just with markets.

My contention is that product regulations should be the same in all countries. If a product is a carcinogen, a reproductive toxicant or a more general toxic in Bordeaux, France,
what reason do we have to believe it will be safe in Seoul or Harare? The same applies to the regulation of medicinal products:

how can we justify that their expiration date may vary by an order of years only according to location? Countries must have the right, and feel the obligation, to refuse the entry of agents they judge too risky on their territories without been accused of unfair barriers to trade.

Conclusion
Not only as epidemiologists and population health experts,but also as citizens, we have a duty, to seek knowledge and also to translate it into action. We must act to make the world a safer, more social and just a better world. We can do it!
In any event, with the cancer epidemic as a lesson, we have to start trying now. Only the concern and pressure from the citizens on governments, multinationals and their agencies might permit humanity to resist to the forces of exposure marketing and its ensuing cancer epidemic. Reactions against globalization’s excesses are developing and forces emerge in societies to defend a new way of considering our world.
Women are playing a crucial role in this regard. They are the driving force which will hopefully make saving our planet (and simultaneouslythe rest of our biosphere) a reality..
Annie SASCO